Why Do Pomeranians Lose Hair?
Many Pomeranians lose hair which is quite a dramatic experience for owners to witness considering the beauty of this breed's coat. Knowing exactly what may be going on often requires a visit to a veterinarian considering how complex it can be at times diagnosing hair and coat issues in dogs. Sometimes a visit to a veterinary dermatologist may be needed. A good starting place is having the vet perform a skin scrape which is a quick and painless procedure which can help confirm or rule out several common skin conditions in dogs.
Why do Pomeranians Lose Hair?
Pomeranians lose hair for a variety of causes and pinpointing the exact one may not be an easy process. However, there are some tell-tale signs of some possibilities that your veterinarian may want to test for. Following are several possible causes for Pomeranians to lose hair.
If your Pom has hair loss on the face and/or paws and doesn't seem itchy, it is possible that he may be suffering from a skin mite known as Demodex. These mites normally live on a dog's coat, but problems start when, for some reason the do
g's immune system weakens causing their numbers to proliferate in the dog's hair follicle, causing the hair to fall out.
While normally dogs with demodex mites aren't itchy, if a secondary bacterial infection takes place, the affected dogs may start scratching. Also, although the hair loss is more common on face and paws, it can take place on any part of the body.
Generally, demodex mites affect more young puppies and older dogs suffering from debilitating diseases.
Hormone imbalances such as those caused by adrenal and thyroid issues all can impact a dog's hair growth.
One blood test in particular is the ACTH stimulation test, which helps use to measure the amounts of the hormone cortisol. There is also a special panel that can be done which can measure the levels of different hormones to determine whether this may be an underlying factor.
Possible hormonal issues know for causing hair loss in dogs include hypothyroidism, hyperadrenocorticism, and sex hormone dermatosis of intact male dogs.
Black Skin Disease
There hair loss problem is known to affect Pomeranians and it is also referred to as SHLS (Severe Hair Loss Syndrome).
What happens in this condition is that as puppies, affected Poms have puppy coats that are lacking guard hairs. When the puppy coat sheds therefore, their coat does not grow back.
There is another version occurring later on, where the Pom's coat grows normally, but slowly starts to thin out, starting at the back of the thighs and buttocks and moving up the back.
To screen for this issue, it helps to purchase from reputable breeders who screen the parents of the puppy being purchased.
Other Potential Issues
There are many disorders that can cause hair loss in dogs and the list can be quite extensive. Other possible causes include the presence of hot spots, skin allergies, infestation of fleas, bacterial or yeast infections. Of course, this list if not even close to being comprehensive considering the many possible causes of hair loss in dogs.